My art embraces two extremes: personal conversations between the material and myself that follow trains of thought or, at its best, no thought - a meditation, and its opposite, a public or social engagement that poses questions and makes gestures to invite participants to craft their own meaning derived from the experience itself. The former process is closed, the latter open. Of course, once any piece enters the current, it is also open to creating a pause, inviting the observer to become a participant. Like most opposites, there are elements in common, a point of merging, and we are not as extreme as we suppose. This universality informs my pieces. A crack in the asphalt, a dangling pine needle, “alternative facts”, all have a place in the sun for me.